The Endless Circle


With both the picture, “Merry-Go-Round”, by Mark Gertler and the poem “Glory of Women”, by Siegfried Sassoon can be seen having similar themes of ignorance. It can be seen in the picture by how its a Merry-go-round, something that is usually used by young children but on this one there’s grown men and women. It’s also conveyed by the bright primary colors, it shows a youthful view, but in this time period it isn’t exactly ideal because of the war that’s happening. Additionally, the poem by how it depicts the women of the era, ““you believe / That chivalry redeems the war’s disgrace.”. It seems that it interprets to the way that women romanized the war, like the war was a idea that wasn’t really happening. Also with the line, “You crown our distant ardours…And mourn our laurelled memories…”, its started with a very sarcastic tone to which could be as another way that women are romancing the war and not how it’s affecting the soldiers.



The King Among the Dead


In both the poem by Alfred Lord Tennyson and the picture by Julia Margaret Cameron both of the same name, The Passing of Arthur, shows a theme of a sense of loss and sorrow. This can be seen in line 19 “Bitter tears against a brow” and in line 45 “the days darken around me”. Also the theme is similar to the one of the picture as it is seen in black in white, it also has the three queens around him are mourning the loss of the king. The poem by Tennyson, is told from the perspective of the first and the longest living knight Sir Bedivere who tells the tale of when Arthur died. It starts the night when Bedivere was guarding the kings’ tent when he heard the king moaning and goan going over all his past mistakes, He comforts the king by reminding him of all the honorable and great things that he did. As they hear the cries of people outside the tent and joined the battle themselves. During the battle, when a wounded Arthur is looking at the what is happening on field seeing all the death that happened he says to Bedivere, “Hearest thou this great voice that shakes the world, and wastes the narrow realm whereon we move, and beats upon the faces of the dead, my dead, as tho’ they had not died for me?— O Bedivere, for on my heart hath fall’n confusion, till I know not what I am, nor whence I am, nor whether I be King. Behold, I seem but King among the dead”(stanza 11). Arthur is questioning what this is all for, looking out of the faces of the dead faces of friend and foe, he is confused as to what he is and if he is king for now he is the king of the dead. They keep heading forward among the mountains Arthur tells Bedivere to take his sword Excalibur and throw it in the lake to where it came, “Thou therefore take my brand Excalibur, which was my pride: for thou rememberest how in those old days, one summer noon, an arm rose up from out the bosom of the lake, clothed in white samite, mystic, wonderful, holding the sword—and how I row’d across and took it, and have worn it, like a king; And, wheresoever I am sung or told in aftertime, this also shall be known: But now delay not: take Excalibur, and fling him far into the middle mere: watch what thou seëst, and lightly bring me word.” (Stanza 15). Later during the poem when Arthur asked to be taken to the barge. Where the three queens who took him while weeping and crying taking care of the wound that will take his life and it did. Even with the theme of this poem being sorrowful and dark, it is also about having faith in those you trust. Although picture by Cameron, doesn’t have the detail of how Arthur died but it shows that he was beloved by those around as the three queen who are around him are mourning the loss of their king. As they are in the barge, the main focus is on the three queens and Arthur while the other people are dressed in black blending into the background.


The Garden of Bones

The Garden of love (141) is a sarrowful and reminiscent tell of someone who vists a garden that they used to go to as a child. In stanzas 1 (line 1-4); I went to the Garden of Love, And saw what I never had seen: A chapel was built in the midst; Where I used to play on the green. The Garden of love was something that was special to the narrator a place where they played and had good rememories of. Now there is a Chapel or church in the middle of the garden disrupting that nature of happiness and joy that once was. In the next four stanzas 2( lines 5-8); And  the gates to the chapel were shut, And Thou Shalt Not writ over the door; So I turn’d to the Garden of love, That so many sweet flowers bore. With the doors of the chapel shu it could mean that the narrator is shut out of the place that once brought him jiy in more ways than one. The Garden that they enjoyed so much was gone and replaced by a church that they couldn’t even get into. Also the line,”And Thou Shalt Not writ over the door”(line 6) could go back to the 10 commandment seeing as this is a church. And that when the narrator turn’d from the gates now facing the garden seeing where all the flowers used to be. In the last stanza ( lins 9-12); And I saw it was filled with graves, And tomb-stones where flowers should be, And Priests in black gowns were walking their rounds, And binding with brairs my joys and desires. In the last stanza we see that the Garden of love has be turned into a graveyard with tomb-stones where the flowers once were. In the “garden” there are priest going around most like taking care of the tombs or hosting funerals. The joy that the narrator had remembered this place hiving is being over taken by the sarrow that a place like this brings. Churches can be seen as the beginning with weddings and baptisms and the end with funerals, seen as places of great happiness or sarrow. The theme in this poem is similar to one one the Romantic periods works like Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein. In the wa that Victor Frankenstein tries to create life but messes up his own in the process. The monster may have  killed his brother, “I had hitherto supposed him to be the murderer of my brother, and I eagerly sought a comfirmation or denial of this opinion.” Victor wants to know weither or not the monster will prove his thoughts right or not. The Monster is like the end and the begain, composed of the dead parts of others but also brougth back to life. Victor “felt what the duties of a creator towards his creature were, and I ought to render him happy before I complained of his wickedness. Even though, all the monster want is to Victor to listen, Victor still wants to complain that the monster is evil.

The Weeping Woman

The young woman depicted in the painted is seen crying beside a body of water, her hair hanging over her face and parts of her knees. In the painting it looks like she had torn apart a letter from where it is floating in the water in front of her, it seems that she is upset from what is on the letters or the letters have sad memories. Beside her is even more letter yets to be torn apart like the rest. Also, along with the letter there is a wallet, with a open locket that may have once held a picture of her lover.

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“Disappointed Love | Danby, Francis | V&A Search the Collections.” Search the Collections | Victoria and Albert Museum. V & A Search the Colections, 17 Feb 2019. Web. 17 Feb 2019. <;.


Parkinson, R., Victoria and Albert Museum, Catalogue of British Oil Paintings 1820-1860, London: HMSO, 1990, pp. 58-59
100 Great Paintings in The Victoria & Albert Museum.London: V&A, 1985, p.114
Vikutoria & Arub?to Bijutsukan-z? : eikoku romanshugi kaigaten = The Romantic tradition in British painting, 1800-1950 : masterpieces from the Victoria and Albert Museum / selected by Mark Evans [Japan : Brain Trust], 2002. 185 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 30 cm.

Sonny’s Sadness

The unnamed narrator of the story discovers from a newspaper that his younger brother Sonny, has been arrested for selling and using heroin. He is teaching an alagra class and looks up at his students and realizes that one day they could end up like sonny with the conditions of the town of Harlem they live in.In sonny’s blues the brothers are trapped both physically and mentally, however throughout the story the brothers constantly struggle to break free from  reoccurring barriers that act as bridge between the two. Jazz functions as a bridge between the two brothers. When the narrator sees sonny play then does he finally realize and learns something he has never known and understood before . How can the bridge tie into the title work “Sonny’s Blues” ?  

Sonny’s Blues is subjected to mean themes that are all important to the story. With the narrator not understanding his brother Sonny’s love of jazz, they both go into the same direction of understanding. The narrator never writes to his brother while he is in prison, until his younger daughter died. The narrator knows that his brother is into jazz ;however, he hinks jazz music is bad because to him it ties into drug abuse. The ciataions come into play by  helping us understand the varoius ways people expierence pain and going deeper into the meanig behind the title “Sonnys Blues”.

As a musician and artist , sonny tires to make known the pain he sees around him. The narrator on the other hand denies his own pain an hardships. Through the ciations we found, the articles and journal readings to give more feedback into the harfships and bridge that seperate the two brothers. How can the bridge tie into the title work “Sonny’s Blues” ? The answer to the qeuastion is that sonnys blues is about sonny saddness. The dalit battel that sonny has to go through as a recovering drug addict and the blues he had growing up as a kid in Harlem.


Work cited

Sherard, T. (1998). Sonny’s bebop: Baldwin’s “blues text” as intracultural critique.  

African American Review, 32(4), 691-705. Retrieved from

“Sonny’s Blues” deal not only with the theme of the crossroads between blue and jazz  but address the need for a new form of cultural narrative as a repository for the experiences of Africans American. The narrator comes to understand is brother throught Sonny’s apparent struggle with coping using jazz; the ‘blues’ Sonny’s plays are a commentary on the historical context in a dequate to convey the upseeting stories of the urban Harlem.

The paper is about In “Baldwin, Bebop, and ‘Sonny’s Blues,’ “Pancho Savery argues that, “although there have been interesting analyses of `Sonny’s Blues,’ none of them has gotten to the specificities of the music and the wider cultural implications.” The paper goes on about the specificitic about the music and cultural implications, also the importants of the differences between blue and jazz. The narrator’s reading of Sonny’s “story” is what inaugurates the text: “I read it, and I couldn’t believe it, and I read it again. Then perhaps I just stared at it, at the newsprint spelling out his name, spelling out the story” (103).  The narrator then goes on about his and Sonny’s past and how they never truly got along, he was wait for him at prison because his daughter Grace died.

Kowalska, Eva. “Troubled reading: ‘Sonny’s blues’ and empathy/Bewoe lees: ‘Sonny’s blues’ en empatie.” Literator: Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies, vol. 36, no. 1, 2015. Literature Resource Center,                                                     Accessed 28 Nov. 2018.

This article uses a discussion of Baldwin’s short story ‘Sonny’s blues’ as a means of exploring reading and approaches to drug literature. It considers the possibility of understanding Baldwin’s fictional text as a statement on reading social as well as subjective ‘problems’ as universal across contexts. Using conclusions gleaned from a detailed reading of the primary text, as well as the contributions of others to the field, it argues for the importance of reading, as audience and as scholars, with the capacity to allow for the transformation of problematic subjective experience such as drug addiction into artistic expression with value beyond its initial context.

The author of the paper wants to argue “that Baldwin’s construction of a vantage point of critical empathy, which he models as a mode of engagement with the ‘troubled’ content of the text, is instrumental to his figurative explications of the potential redemptive value of art in relation to hardship.” Tis is shown in the actual story when it talks about Sonny’s incuus wit drugs and his time in prison.T

Piazza, P. V., & Deroche-gamonet, V. (2013). A multistep general theory of transition to addiction. Psychopharmacology, 229(3), 387-413. doi:


Hsieh, M., Tsai, S., Tsai, C., Hsu, Y., & Hsu, M. (2017). What is the addiction world like? understanding the lived experience of the individuals’ illicit drug addiction in taiwan. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 53(1), 47-54. doi:

Behind Closed Doors

The short story, “A Story for Emily”, by William Faulkner, is an interesting text about a woman that clings to what she has left, whether it’s her dead father or her lover that she poisoned, so he could never leave her. It leads her to isolate herself in her house with the staff where she is almost never seen by anyone until she dies.

 The story itself is narrated by the townsfolk of Jefferson, Mississippi. The author shows this through the town gossip about Emily Grierson and how as the reader, we never get to hear from Emily’s point of view or what she’s thinking. The town talks about her like she’s a chore for them, especially after her father dies. No matter how hard the mayor tries, she will not pay her taxes, “On the first of the year they mailed her a tax notice. February came, and there was no reply. They wrote her a formal letter, asking her to call the sheriff’s office at her convenience” (pg.804). After her father dies Emily believes that she doesn’t have to pay taxes anymore because, “See Colonel Sartoris”. (Colonel Sartoris had been dead almost ten years.) “ I have no taxes in Jefferson…”(pg.805).  It is unknown whether she believes that Colonel Sartoris is still alive because she hasn’t heard of any news about his death. She hasn’t left her house for awhile or she might believe she is speaking to the Colonel. She could be in denial that anyone who’s died is really dead.

Through what we learn about Emily, the reader can tell that something is definitely wrong with her. This gets brought out more at the end of the story. Emily is seen as a interesting lady even after death. When her relatives come to her funeral, they know that a door upstairs is locked. What they find in there is a tragic sight. Before them is what looks to be mens clothes covered in dust but what’s most upsetting is what’s on the bed. On the bed, is the body of the the man that the town thought Emily would marry, Homer Barron. It’s hard to tell how long he has been on that bed but given that fact that he is fused with the bed, says that it has been a long time. However, the most disturbing part of all this, other that the fact that there is a dead body that Emily has been hiding, is the indentation on the pillow beside of Homer. It seems like someone with long iron-gray hair has been sleeping beside him for a long time. It is thought that Emily poisoned him so that he would never leave her and she slept with a rotting corpse and bones for a long time.

The short story that is, “A Rose For Emily”, is confusing but interesting with how it is written. It starts with her death but ends with her secret, that is only found out after she is dead. Between the pages, it jumps around through intriguing  parts of what the town thinks is important. Almost like they are talking about her after she’s gone. It’s like individuals are saying different things about her at separate occasions in her life. You never really know about people until they are dead, but even then you will never truly understand their motives.


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Faulkner, William. “A Rose for Emily.” The Norton Field Guide to Writing with Readings and
Handbook. 4th ed., by Richard Bullock, Maureen Daly Goggin, and Francine Weinberg, 2016,
pp. 803-12.
Hughes, Langston. “I, Too.” The Poetry Foundation,, n.d, Accessed 16 Oct. 2018.

More Than a Game

The analysis “Just One More Game…:Angry Birds, Farmville, and Other Hyperaddictive Stupid Games” by Sam Anderson is about the lure of video games. In the first paragraph  he talks about the aftermath of WWII and when Japan made the Game Boy. The Game Boy was the the device that was going to set the world of gamers free from the building where they usually played. In doing so it gave way to the fact that everyone could play the games even when they didn’t play before.

The Game Boy was a “hand-held, battery-powered plastic slab that promised to set gamers loose” (105). The Game Boy was used so the gamers didn’t have to go to rec rooms, pizza parlors, and arcades. In 2009, Rovio made the very popular game Angry Birds the main object of the game was that the player would shoot the little birds out of a slingshot at the opposite side which was the green pigs. Then the Iphone came out, that gave way to the ability for anyone to have a handheld device. This gave everyone the opportunity to play on their phones, “Consumers who never would have put a quarter into an arcade or even set eyes on an Xbox 360 were now carrying a sophisticated game console with them, all the time, in their pockets or their purses” (107, 108). This had a great impact on the game designers, who had a bigger area to sell their games on the phones store. Now, we have Smartphones with us almost at all times and the the app store there are many things to chose from.

In conclusion to “Just One More Game…:Angry Birds, Farmville, and Other Hyperaddictive Stupid Games” by Sam Anderson. He explains about the Game Boy and how it gave way to gamers being able to have a portable game with anytime and anywhere. The game designer of Tetris stated, “It gives you a window into your brain that doesn’t crush your brain’ (109). It is good to have a game that wants you to figure it out and learn while you go. It makes you brain think and want to do more.
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Anderson, Sam. “Just One More Game . . . : Angry Birds, Farmville and Other Hyperaddictive Stupid games.” The Norton Field Guide to Writing with Readings and Handbook. 4th ed., by Richard Bullock, Maureen Daly Goggin, and Francine Weinberg, 2016, pp. 105-10.

Looking ahead and seeing whats there.

I think that everything can be art if you are willing to put your heart into it. If you go to a museum and you see all of the  paintings, sculptures, and all the history. It took time for people to make them. All that historical, cultural, and even scientific important should all be thought as a time of art. I know that people agree that it is some type of art and still there are people that think that museums are uninteresting. But, by going outside we see all types of beautiful things that wouldn’t be in a museum.